Squint and its Treatment
There are number of eye diseases that have been listed so far apart, squint is one of them. The scientific name for squint is named as STRABISMUS. Basically; it is a condition, where the eyes do not look in the same direction. In this condition, when a person tries to see an object with his squint eyes, then one eye starts to move straight ahead, while the other eye moves in opposite direction, sometimes inwards, , and sometimes upward and downward.
Squints are mostly common in about 1 in 20 children. Most of the times they occur in neonates too. It has been observed that squints are mostly found in preschool toddlers. In babies it occurs around 3 months of age. , now there is no limit for age criteria, squints are occurring in adults and old age people too.
CAUSES OF SQUINTS:
A squint therefore is a silent eye disease, which causes, Lazy eyes, Blurred vision and double vision.
TYPES OF SQUINT:
On the basis of classification, squints have been divided into two basic types: congenital squint and acquired squint. Congenital squint is already present at the time of birth.Aquiredsquints are caused by the eye, attempting to overcome a visual problem. Short sightedness and long sightedness are the very good examples for Acquired squints.
TREATMENT OF SQUINTS:-
Squints can be treated enormously in a number of ways depending upon the direction of eyes, which are pointed inwards, sometimes outwards and sometimes upwards and downwards. The most effective treatment that has been running by chance is using glasses and performing different types of effective eye exercises.
Another most common use of treatment which has been running successfully nowadays is the use of Corrective Surgery. Corrective surgery is basically, a medical treatment which involves, moving of the eye muscles in their correct positions. Clinically it has been observed that the eye muscleresponsible for moving the eye inwards is the medial rectus muscle, themuscles responsible for moving the eye outwards is the lateral rectusmuscle, the muscle which is responsible for moving the eye upwards is the superior rectus muscle and the muscle responsible for moving the eye downward is the inferior rectus muscle. It is really important to know clearly about these six types of muscles in order to clearly understand the process of corrective surgery.
Basically these corrective surgeries are performed most often in the day time and are performed with patient both eyes who are kept asleep with the dosage of general anaesthesia. The basic outstanding purpose of this surgery is that it provides balance to the eyes muscles due to which it starts to improve the alignment of the eyes, and it can correct the vision in both the eyes (binocular vision). Apart from this surgery several other types of treatment are there which help to balance the movement of eyes. Botulinum toxin injections is also one of the effective treatments that have been given to patients on a temporary basis to treat the squint and also for those patients who are very much afraid of surgical procedures.
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