Medical Research
Global Health
Silver Linings
Contest
Press Releases
Home » Featured, Life Style

Diabetes: What it is and what measures should be taken?

Submitted by on December 17, 2017 – 6:18 PM

diabDiabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic disorders characterized by a common condition of hyperglycemia. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease which develops early on in life while type 2 develops later on and is characterized by either under production of insulin or peripheral resistance to insulin.  Type 2 is the more common type of diabetes.

Diabetes mellitus has a several chronic complications. These include damage to blood vessels (microangiopathy and macroangiopathy), hypertension, glaucoma, peripheral neuropathy, and nephrosclerosis. The classic symptoms of both types of diabetes include an increase in urination, food intake and water intake.

 

The diagnostic criteria for diabetes is blood glucose above 200mg/dL, fasting blood glucose above 126 mg/dL. The normal range of glucose is between 70 and 120 mg/dL. A HbA1c level greater than 6.5% is also a good indicator of long-term diabetes as red blood cells live around 3 to 4 months and this can give evidence as to whether the diabetes has been going on for a while rather than it being physiological as after a meal.

 

In Pakistan, diabetes type 2 is widespread. It is estimated that every one in three people is affected by diabetes. It is even worse that half of the population having diabetes not even aware that they have diabetes. The common cause of type 2 diabetes is obesity and this correlates with the sedentary lifestyle of Pakistanis.

 

The aim of diabetic patients  should be adopting a healthy lifestyle which includes  diet modification and physical fitness. For example, monitoring their blood glucose levels, taking a low sugar, low-fat meal. Furthermore, oral hypoglycemic agents such as sulfonylureas or any subcutaneous injections of insulin must be accompanied by meal in order to prevent hypogycemia.

 

There has also been substantial evidence in a possible cure for diabetes. Future cures may look towards stem cell transplantation in type 1 and 2 diabetes patients in order to cure it. Furthermore, gastric bypass surgeries coupled with a low-calorie diet can also possibly be a measure to cure obese patients who have developed type 2 diabetes.

 

 

Join JPMS Medical Blogs Team as Editor or Contributor, email your cover letter and resume to [email protected]


We welcome Guest posts. Submit online via: http://blogs.jpmsonline.com/submit/


We also publish Sponsored Articles. For details email us at [email protected] or follow the link for details: http://blogs.jpmsonline.com/sponsor/


Disclaimer: 
JPMS Medical Blogs are published by the publisher of Journal of Pioneering Medical Sciences (JPMS). This article does not reflect the policies of JPMS or its Staff or Editorial nor does it intend to provide legal, financial or medical advice. Refer to Disclaimer and Policies section for more details.

 

Advertisement: Call for Papers for Journal of Pioneering Medical Sciences (www.jpmsonline.com): Submit Original Article, Review Article, Case Report, Letter to the Editor, News Article, Clinical Images, Perspectives or Elective Report to JPMS. We also publish Conference Proceedings and Conference Abstracts as Supplement. No paper submission or publication charges. Submit your articles online (click here) or send them as an Email to: [email protected]

Tags: , ,